Reading Level 3 Assessment:
Please read the passage and choose the best answer to the multiple choice questions below.
Mahatma Gandhi was born in 1869, in Porbandar, British India. India was a British colony then. Gandhi was an Indian lawyer and politician who became the leader of the movement against British rule in India. He is considered the Father of India.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was Gandhi’s real name. Mahatma means “great soul”. He helped India win independence. Gandhi was against violence. He led peaceful protests. Non-violence was important to Gandhi.
Gandhi was a vegetarian. He lived simply. He made his own clothes. He worked for a better life for poor people. He was a popular leader.
During the decades of freedom fight, Gandhi was imprisoned several times. India became free from British rule in 1947. In 1948, Gandhi was assassinated in New Delhi.
The idea of non-violence that Gandhi believed in inspired people around the world. Martin Luther King, Jr. led non-violent protests for civil rights in the USA. He said Gandhi inspired him. President Nelson Mandela of South Africa also learned from Gandhi’s peaceful protests to fight for his people. President Barack Obama considers Gandhi his hero. His Holiness the Dalai Lama of Tibet has the greatest admiration for Gandhi. Cesar Chavez adopted Gandhi’s ways to fight for farm worker rights in the USA.